Lifetime Enhancement of Cooperative Wireless Ad-Hoc Networks using Optimal Power Allocation and Relay Selection Scheme

  • Damilare O. Akande Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso
  • Festus K. Ojo Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso
  • Samson I. Ojo Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso
  • Sunday A. Olayanju Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Ilorin, Ilorin
  • Idowu A. Ojerinde Department of Electrical Engineering, Bells University of Technology, Ota


Cooperative Communication (CC) has greatly reduced the effect of multipath fading, thereby improving the quality of transmitted signals in wireless ad-hoc networks. However, existing works on CC suffers from degradation of network lifetime due to inaccurate selection of the optimal relay terminal. This results in frequent battery recharging due to high energy consumed and battery depletion. Hence, in this paper, lifetime enhancement of cooperative wireless ad-hoc networks is carried out using allocated optimal power and relay selection scheme to ensure an optimal selection of the best relay by balancing and conserving the energy consumption of the nodes. Transmit power optimization problems were formulated for Amplify-and-Forward (AF) and Decode-and-Forward (DF) relaying strategies to obtain the optimal power allocations required to transmit the information. The proposed scheme named Energy-Aware Relay Selection (EARS) was simulated in MATLAB software environment and average network lifetime performance evaluation was performed. The result obtained shows that the proposed EARS improves the network performance by 10.06% and 3.56% for AF and DF relaying strategies, respectively over the existing power-aware relay selection schemes.


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