Development of Virtual Classes and Laboratories with Remote Access

  • Mary A. Adedoyin Lagos State University
  • Adetokunbo A. Adenowo Lagos State University
  • Egberongbe-Kuhoyi F. Oluwashina Lagos State University
Keywords: Virtual learning environment, Online practicals, Videos, Remote access

Abstract

When comparing a few decades ago to now, the educational system has undergone various technological revolutions, particularly with the usage of Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs), which have changed the process of teaching and learning. VLEs with internet services play a major role in the storage of information and its dissemination. With the use of VLEs, there emerges the challenge of bringing practical classes online, engaging the students in practical sessions as it is in traditional laboratories. Though, there have been various simulators but they are not geared towards educational sessions but practically for industrial use and are not curriculum-based, this has been a major concern in engaging the students practically at a distance level according to the instructor’s plan. Hence, in this work, a robust VLE has been designed and implemented. The system has an evaluated model that was developed with MySQL and PHP, which served as the database and server-side programming, respectively. The proposed VLE offers an interactive web-enabled approach for online learning and practice, practical recordings are uploaded, and practical simulations are handled. Qualitative assessments were carried out on the gathered data from the 100 respondents through the use of the questionnaire. Performance metrics such as response time, latency, availability, reliability and scalability were used to conduct a comparative analysis between the existing VLEs and the developed VLE. The findings of the study showed that the utilisation of the proposed VLE has the potential to cause a positive transformation and a paradigm shift in educational institutions.

References

Adedapo, A. O. (2023). Development of a Workflow Management System for Higher Education: Case study of a Department in a Nigerian University. FUOYE Journal of Engineering and Technology, 8(4).

Allen, T. E., & Barker, S. D. (2020). BME Labs in the Era of COVID-19: Transitioning a Hands-on Integrative Lab Experience to Remote Instruction Using Gamified Lab Simulations. Biomedical Engineering Education, 1, 99–104. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43683-020-00011-0

Avidov-Ungar, O., & Eshet-Alkakay, Y. (2011). Teachers in a World of Change: Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes towards the Implementation of Innovative Technologies in Schools. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects, 7, 291–303. https://www.informingscience.org/Publications/1588

Hristov, G., Zahariev, P., Bencheva, N., & Ivano, I. (2013). Designing the Next Generation of Virtual Learning Environments: Virtual Laboratory with Remote Access to Real Telecommunication Devices. In Proceedings of the 24th EAEEIE Annual Conference (pp. 157–162). European Association for Education in Electrical and Information Engineering. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6528446

Jain, J., & Kaur, M. (2022). Moving Labs out of Labs: Teachers' Perceived Effectiveness of Virtual Laboratories during Pandemic School Closures. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 12(11), 1267–1274. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2022.12.11.1736

Mackay, S., & Fisher, D. (2013). Practical Online Learning and Laboratories, for Engineering, Science and Technology (pp. 235–239). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-00536-3_26

Mhlongo, S., Mbatha, K., Ramatsetse, B., & Dlamini, R. (2023). Challenges, opportunities, and prospects of adopting and using smart digital technologies in learning environments: An iterative review.

Moore, J. L., Dickson-Deane, C., & Galyen, K. (2011). e-Learning, online learning, and distance learning environments: Are they the same? The Internet and Higher Education, 14(2), 129–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.10.001

Morales-Menendez, R., Ramírez-Mendoza, R. A., & Guevara, A. J. V. (2019). Virtual/remote labs for automation teaching: A cost effective approach. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 52(9), 266–271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2019.08.196

Robles-Gómez, A., Tobarra, L., Pastor-Vargas, R., Hernández, R., & Cano, J. (2022). Emulating and Evaluating Virtual Remote Laboratories for Cybersecurity. Applied Sciences, 12(21), 10920. https://doi.org/10.3390/app122110920

Sheridan, D., Gardner, L., & White, D. (2002). Cecil: The first web-based LMS. In Proceedings of ASCILITE 2002. Australasian Society for Computers in Learning in Tertiary Education. https://www.ascilite.org/conferences/auckland02/proceedings/papers/045.pdf

Sus, B., Revenchuk, I., Bauzha, O., & Zagorodnyuk, S. (2020). Virtual Laboratory as Custom E-learning Implementation and Design Solution. In CEUR Workshop Proceedings (Vol. 2732, pp. 177–187). CEUR-WS.org. http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-2732/paper16.pdf

Unwin, T., Kleessen, B., Hollow, D., Williams, J. B., Oloo, L. M., Alwala, J., Mutimucuio, I., Eduardo, F., & Muianga, X. (2010). Digital learning management systems in Africa: myths and realities. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 25(1), 5–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/02680510903482118

Wang, N., Lan, Q., Chen, X., Song, G., & Parsaei, H. (2020). Development of a Remote Laboratory for Engineering Education. Taylor & Francis Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429326455

Yayla, A., Korkmaz, H., Buldu, A., & Sarikas, A. (2020). Development of a remote laboratory for an electronic circuit design and analysis course with increased accessibility by using speech recognition technology. Computer Applications in Engineering Education, 29(4), 897–910. https://doi.org/10.1002/cae.22373

Published
2024-03-30