Effects of Fluid Viscous Damper on Reinforced Concrete Tall Building under Lateral Loading in Lagos, Nigeria

  • Kehinde Giwa Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria
  • Akintoye Oyelade Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria


The rapid construction of tall buildings in unconventional areas of Lagos, driven by high land cost necessitates meticulous analysis and design to withstand lateral loads such as wind and seismic forces. Typically, enhancing structural rigidity is the conventional approach to counteracting horizontal loads. This study examines the effectiveness of fluid viscous damping (FVD) in reducing gravity, wind and seismic loads in a 24 – story suspended floor frame structure. Using ETABS 2019 software, the building’s modeling and analysis demonstrate that integrating FVDs at each floor level significantly reduces displacement, drift and overturning moments by 20%, 24%, and 29%, respectively, thus enhancing structural stability. Analyzing structural response in Nigeria, despite low seismic intensity, is crucial for risk management and resilience. It informs building practices, improves building codes, and prepares for potential seismic events, ensuring safer infrastructure.  This research provides a computational framework for dampening vibrations in tall buildings through FVD technology.


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