Assessment of Weathering Intensity and Pedogenesis of Lithosequence Located in Two Agroecological Zones of Nigeria

  • Temitope S. Babalola Federal Univeristy Oye-Ekiti
  • Abayomi S Fasina
  • Matilda O. Oyewole
  • Samuel O. Ajayi
  • Jonathan A. Adeyemo
  • Olabode Amoloja
Keywords: pedogenesis, soil development, schists, granite, weathering.


Elemental oxides can help to identify processes of soil formation and the degree of soil development. This study assessed soil development and weathering intensity in soils developed on schist and older granite in upland tropical rain forest and southern guinea savanna agro ecological zones of Nigeria. Soil profile samples were collected in each of the study locations. In the laboratory, total elemental oxides was determined using the energy dispersing X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) XRF SPEC (Minipal 4). The relative intensity of weathering of total elemental oxides was determined by choosing titanium as the suitable indexing element and the relative gain or loss of element was estimated using relative retained element (Ro) equation. Result obtained, revealed that SiO2 was the most abundant in the soils. Distribution of Al2O3 and CaO showed the direction of the pedogenic age. Older granite soil had higher values of Al2O3 and lower values of CaO. There was negative relationship of SiO2 with Al2O3 and Fe2O3. The trace elemental oxides were less than 1% and zirconium oxide was the most retained oxide in the soils. Soil which developed on schist retained more of the trace elements than soil on older granite. There was evidence of alitization, ferritization and desillication in the soils. Parent materials contributed to loss and gain of trace elemental oxides. Older granite soil was more weathered and pedologically older than schist derived soils.


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