Assessment of the Current Bus Route Network in the Federal Capital City Abuja, Nigeria

  • Kolade J. Olonisakin Postgraduate students in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • Abejide O. Olugbenga Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • Abdulfatai A. Murana Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • Adekunle T. Olowosulu Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Keywords: Abuja Urban Mass Transport Company Limited (AUMTCO), High capacity public buses, bus route networks


The inadequacy of buses for the public transportation system in the Federal Capital City (FCC) of Abuja has resulted to the dominant use of private automobiles, which has created a lot of problems, such as, long waiting times, lateness to work, kidnapping and loss of man-hours. The effort of Government in providing high capacity public buses through Abuja Urban Mass Transit Company (AUMTCO), has not been satisfactory. Therefore, in this study, an evaluation of the existing bus route networks and the availability of public transport bus services in the FCC, including an assessment of the factors that determine the present choice of travel mode in the City is presented. The methodology adopted  includes: manual traffic volume count, measurement of traffic data and scope of the current bus route network using GPSmap76Cx (GARMIN) receiver, and questionnaire administration. The results show that public bus is 0.12% of vehicular traffic volume in the metropolitan city, while private car  has 86.81%, which carries significant consequences that impact different facets of its citizens' lives. The existing  bus routes network does not cover Wuse II and Maitama districts. Mode choice influences by social demographic characteristics, such as; occupation, marital status, time spent going to work,  bus inconvenience, time to leave home for work, and decision to patronize public mode if available are among the trip factors assessed. The mean peak travel speed on the bus routes  ranges from 15km/hr to 23 km/hr, while average time spent from house to and at bus stop are 10 minutes and 20 minutes respectively for public bus.  The results suggest that the existing bus route networks should be optimized  to cover all the districts of the Federal Capital City  for effective  accessibility and services to commuters. This  will improve the security indices of commuters in the Federal capital city.

Author Biographies

Abejide O. Olugbenga, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Senior Lecturer at the department of Civil Engineering, Falculty of engineering Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
Abdulfatai A. Murana, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Senior lecturer at the department of civil engineering, faculty of engineering, Ahmadul Bello University Zaria
Adekunle T. Olowosulu, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Senior lecturer at the department of civil engineering, faculty of engineering Ahmadul Bello University Zaria


Ali A.N., (2010). An Assessment of the Quality of Intraurban Bus Services in the City of Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria. Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, 5 (6 (15) (2010), pp. 74-91

Ali, A. N., (2014). Assessment of Passenger Satisfaction with Intra-City Public Bus Transport Services in Abuja

Nigeria. Journal of Public Transportation, Vol. 17 (1), pp 99-119

Andaleeb S., Ahmed M. and Haq, R., (2007). Reforming innercity bus transportation in a developing country: A passenger-driven model. Journal of Public Transportation, 10 (1) (2007), pp. 1-25

Birago, D., Opoku, M. S., Sharma, S., (2017). Level of service delivery of public transport and mode choice in Accra, Ghana. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 46 (2017), pp. 284-300

Charles A. and Tina D. W., (2021). Indicators for commuter’s satisfaction and usage of high occupancy public bus transport service in Ghana. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Volume 11.

Enoch F. Sam, Osmanu Hamidu, Stijn Daniels, (2018). SERVQUAL analysis of public bus transport services in Kumasi metropolis, Ghana: Core user perspectives Case studies on transport policy, 6 (1) (2018), pp. 25-31

Fitzgerald, G., (2012). The Social Impacts of Poor Access to Transport in Rural New Zealand. NZ Transport Agency Research Report 484. 99pp

Fuad Dashdamirov, (2023). Assessment of time loss of buses in the route network. Conference Paper. DOI:10.51582/interconf.19-20.09.2023.008

Fu, L .and Xin, Y., (2007). A new performance index for evaluating transit quality of service Journal of public transportation, 10 (3) (2007), pp. 47-69

Henry, L. and Litman, T.A., (2006). Evaluating New Start Transit Program Performance. Comparing Rail And Bus, Victoria Transport Policy Institute, website: www. vtpi. org, Victoria, BC, Canada.

Linda Too and George Earl, (2010). Public transport service quality and sustainable development: a community

stakeholder perspective Sustainable Development, 18 (1) (2010), pp. 51-61

Litman, T., (2015). Evaluating public transit benefits and costs: Victoria Transport Policy Institute British Columbia, Canada.

Ojekunle, J. A., (2016). Operational Characteristics of Public Transportation in the federal capital territory, Abuja, Nigeria. FUTA journal of management and technology | Vol. 1 No. 1. Doi: 1.1/fjmt.2016/v1n1p11

Olonisakin, K. J., (2014). Application of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Management of Traffic in Abuja City Centre, FCT, Nigeria. Dissertation for M.Eng. Highway Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria.

Oluwole M. S., (2017). Critical factors determining public transport access level in Abuja federal capital territory of Nigeria.Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. Journal.Vol.10(11), pp. 298-308.

Prasad Csrk, (2020). Route Rationalization Techniques for Public Transport. Conference: One Day online Training Course Organized by AITD, New Delhi DOI:10.13140/RG.2.2.20300.441

Sumaila A. G., (2012). Characterization of Current Transportation Challenges in the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development; Vol. 5, No. 12, 201. doi:10.5539/jsd.v5n12p117

Taylor .B. D and Fink C. N .Y, (2013). Explaining transit ridership: What has the evidence shown? Transportation Letters, 5 (1) (2013), pp. 15-26

Yu .S., Satoru H., Takafumi K. and Daigo A., (2023). A study on the possibility of a bus route network with connections based on an analysis of the efficiency of the bus route network and resistance of bus users to transfer. Research in Transportation Economics.

Yusoff .Z. M., Shuib . A. , Ishak, S. Z. Mokhtar, .E. S., Othman.F. and Ramazan.N .A ., (2023). Mobility planning for urban employee to workplace: an analysis of bus routes network and stop locations. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 1151 (2023) 012003; doi:10.1088/1755-1315/1151/1/012003