Assessment of the Current Bus Route Network in the Federal Capital City Abuja, Nigeria

  • Kolade J. Olonisakin Postgraduate students in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • Abejide O. Olugbenga Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • Abdulfatai A. Murana Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
  • Adekunle T. Olowosulu Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Keywords: Abuja Urban Mass Transport Company Limited (AUMTCO), High capacity public buses, bus route networks

Abstract

The inadequacy of buses for the public transportation system in the Federal Capital City (FCC) of Abuja has resulted to the dominant use of private automobiles, which has created a lot of problems, such as, long waiting times, lateness to work, kidnapping and loss of man-hours. The effort of Government in providing high capacity public buses through Abuja Urban Mass Transit Company (AUMTCO), has not been satisfactory. Therefore, in this study, an evaluation of the existing bus route networks and the availability of public transport bus services in the FCC, including an assessment of the factors that determine the present choice of travel mode in the City is presented. The methodology adopted  includes: manual traffic volume count, measurement of traffic data and scope of the current bus route network using GPSmap76Cx (GARMIN) receiver, and questionnaire administration. The results show that public bus is 0.12% of vehicular traffic volume in the metropolitan city, while private car  has 86.81%, which carries significant consequences that impact different facets of its citizens' lives. The existing  bus routes network does not cover Wuse II and Maitama districts. Mode choice influences by social demographic characteristics, such as; occupation, marital status, time spent going to work,  bus inconvenience, time to leave home for work, and decision to patronize public mode if available are among the trip factors assessed. The mean peak travel speed on the bus routes  ranges from 15km/hr to 23 km/hr, while average time spent from house to and at bus stop are 10 minutes and 20 minutes respectively for public bus.  The results suggest that the existing bus route networks should be optimized  to cover all the districts of the Federal Capital City  for effective  accessibility and services to commuters. This  will improve the security indices of commuters in the Federal capital city.

Author Biographies

Abejide O. Olugbenga, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Senior Lecturer at the department of Civil Engineering, Falculty of engineering Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
Abdulfatai A. Murana, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Senior lecturer at the department of civil engineering, faculty of engineering, Ahmadul Bello University Zaria
Adekunle T. Olowosulu, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Senior lecturer at the department of civil engineering, faculty of engineering Ahmadul Bello University Zaria

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Published
2023-12-31